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Conservation District Soil Index Inforamation

1357 Views 8 Replies 6 Participants Last post by  DaveK
Did you know that every county in the US has had a soil inventory and that this information is free for the asking?

Michigan has 159 types of soil with some even being divided further into percent grade or slope?

This index is in matrix format and the 11 columns are as follows:

soil name and map symbol
grain and seed crops
grasses and legumes
wild herbaceous plants
hardwood trees
coniferous plants
wetland plants
shallow water areas
openland wildlife
woodland wildlife
wetland wildlife

If you refer to your soils map (which is a marked up aerial photo of your land) you will note numbers, letters denote slope in percent, some symbols and lines indicating different soil types.

The number is the soil name as found in the chart. Then cross reference the number wtih each column to find out what the potential for habitat is.

This information has helped me from making some mistakes in the planning of the layout of my land. It will help you with yours. Best of all this info is available free from your conservation district office. It may help you decide on a land purchase.

The potentials are rated in terms of :

very poor
poor
fair
good

My land has 4 different soil types and a symbol like the 5 on a pair of dice (sand deposit). I find it usefull and the data is right on the money.
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To my knowledge this info is not available on the web if it is I haven't found it. I've only got a limited amount of info at home the rest is out at camp so here's a little more.

As far as letters go:
A.........0-3 percent slope
B.........0-6 percent slope
D.........6-15 percent slope or up to 15%
E.........15-35 percent slope or up to 35%
F.........25-50 percent slope or up to 50%

As far as 4 soil types at my camp goes:

soil name and map symbol.. Ontanagon 10F
grain and seed crops..........poor
grasses and legumes.........fair
wild herbaceous plants......fair
hardwood trees.................good
coniferous plants...............good
wetland plants...................very poor
shallow water areas..........very poor
openland wildlife................poor
woodland wildlife...............good
wetland wildlife..................very poor


soil name and map symbol..Biscuit 92A
grain and seed crops...........fair
grasses and legumes...........good
wild herbaceous plants........good
hardwood trees...................good
coniferous plants.................good
wetland plants.....................fair
shallow water areas............fair
openland wildlife..................good
woodland wildlife.................good
wetland wildlife....................fair


soil name and map symbol..Bowers 95A
grain and seed crops..........fair
grasses and legumes.........good
wild herbaceous plants......good
hardwood trees.................good
coniferous plants...............good
wetland plants...................good
shallow water areas..........fair
openland wildlife................good
woodland wildlife...............good
wetland wildlife..................fair


soil name and map symbol..Soo 112
grain and seed crops..........poor
grasses and legumes.........poor
wild herbaceous plants.......fair
hardwood trees..................fair
coniferous plants................fair
wetland plants....................good
shallow water areas...........good
openland wildlife.................poor
woodland wildlife................fair
wetland wildlife...................fair

As you can see in these examples it's pretty easy to determine your best land use practices.
DaveK

Click on the link for a starting point.

I got a muli-colored map from my conservation district office for free, but I have helped out the people there with other issues.

Go in and see the people in your district office. Each one is a little different. They are there to help you, so go there with questions in hand and an open mind.

http://www.michigan-sportsman.com/f...hreadid=55382&highlight=conservation+district

Land stewardship has been the best investment I've made in my land and in my lifestyle.

Good luck and have fun.
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