I have an old Sears model 25 that belonged to my dad. It is marked on the barrel: "Shoots any .22 long or long rifles or .22 shorts. High speed only".
I had one of those back when. I don't remember even the brand, let alone the model number.Some old semi autos you were supposed to use as a single shot and lock the "bolt" in the action when using shorts.
Not enough ummmph for shorts to cycle.
I think I've a J.C. Higgins /(Stevens patent though Stevens didn't build (?) like that.
If anyone remembers them they had a round disc type knob with a plunger to lock the action.